Python is the fastest growing general purpose, high-level programming language with an emphasis on code readability.
It is also one of the most preferred language in the fields of Data Science, Statistics, Analytics, ML and AI with R as its only real competition.
Owned by the Oracle Corporation, Java is one of the oldest, most common, in-demand computer programming languages in use today. Well, think of some of your favorite web apps and games. It’s highly likely that Java plays a huge role in the code that makes them work. Another important factor which has kept Java’s magic intact among web development companies is its independence from platforms. This helps developers to essentially “write once, work anywhere”(WORA). Java is everywhere and the demand for strong developers is literally high.
Developed by Apple in 2014, Swift is a general-purpose, open-source language built using a modern approach to safety, performance, and software design patterns. It was developed as an alternative to Objective-C to write applications for iOS and Mac. Deeply influenced by Python and Ruby, Swift was designed to be beginner friendly and fun to use. This makes it one of the contestants of this top 10 programming languages list.
Developed by the tech giant Google itself, Go is one of the latest players in the programming platform. It is an open-source language which makes it easy to create simple, secure, and productive software. It combines the best aspects of functional and object-oriented programming, as well as features a valuable set of inbuilt development tools.
Created by Microsoft, C# is considered to be one of the most powerful programming languages in the Dot NET framework. It is a powerful, flexible language that gives you a comprehensive programming foundation which is applicable to Java, Objective-C, PHP, and more. You can think of C# as a blend of the C++ and the Java language but Anders Hejlsberg, the creator of C#, says the language is more like C++ than Java.
Being one of the powerful high-level programming languages, Scala incorporates functional programming and object-oriented programming concepts. Scala stands for scalable language and is one of many attempts to “rewrite Java” while improving its drawbacks. It tries to make Java more functional by offering advanced features like string comparison advancements, pattern matching, and mixins.
Kotlin, the Google-endorsed cross-platform language that is meant to interoperate entirely with Java and run on the JVM. Lately, it has become the most-beloved programming language among developers, according to a Stack Overflow survey. One of the most critical factors behind Kotlin’s increasing momentum is its smooth compatibility with the Android Studio 3. In the year 2017, Google declared Kotlin as the official language for android app development. Which is why you will find Kotlin in almost all the top 10 programming languages lists.
Ruby is one of the most popular languages, developed in Japan in the mid-1990s. Is a dynamic language which was constructed with an aim to simplify the programming task and making it more fun. Its popularity is bolstered on Ruby on Rails, a full-stack web application framework that runs Ruby. The downside of Ruby is it that, being a dynamically typed language, it is not very easy to maintain and its flexibility makes it’s slow.